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Australia Overview

Australia is the only continent that consists of a single country. Australia is the sixth largest nation after Russia, Canada, China, the United States of America and Brazil. The commonwealth of Australia was formed in 1901. Large part of Australia is desert or semi-arid — 40% of the land mass is covered by sand dunes. The Great Barrier Reef, the world's largest coral reef, extends for over 1,200 km.

In recent decades, Australia has transformed itself into an internationally competitive, advanced market economy. Rising output in the domestic economy, robust business and consumer confidence, and rising exports of raw materials and agricultural products are fueling the economy. Australia has six states. 70 per cent of the population of Australia lives in the 10 largest cities of Australia. Australia boasts of over 7,000 beaches - more than any other nation. Australia's area is 50 per cent larger than Europe, but has the lowest population density in the world - only two people per square kilometer.

The kangaroo is unique to Australia and one of our most easily recognized mammals. There are around 40 million Kangroos in Australia. Australia's 140 million sheep, produce more than 70 per cent of the world's wool. Australia is also the world's largest exporter of beef.

Personalities | Tourist Spots | Australian States | Links

NameAustralia Population20,090,437
CapitalCanberra CurrencyAustralian dollar
Area7,686,850 sq km per capita GDP$30,700
ContinentAustralia Life Expectancy80.39 years
Head of statePrime Minister John Winston HOWARD Official Language(s)English

Australian Personalities

Ian Thorpe is the greatest Australian swimmer. Thorpe has won 5 Olympic gold medals. Thorpe is also the only swimmer in the world to win 3 consecutive World Championships in the 400m Free style.

Rod Laver is the only player to have won all four grand slam singles championships in a single year two times - 1962 and 1969.

Donald Bradman is considered the greatest batsman in World in the sports of Cricket. He finished his test cricket with an average of 99.94 from his 52 tests, the highest average by any batsman. Bradman served as a selector for the national team for nearly 30 years

Tourist spots in Australia

Sydney is the largest city in Australia. Sydney is also Australia's oldest city, and the economic powerhouse of the nation. It has both sun-drenched natural attractions and dizzy skyscrapers.

Melbourne is Australia’s second-largest city. Melbourne boasts of great festivals and shopping, a passion for food and wine, and fabulous arts. Outside Melbourne, there are a host of regional attractions, from the Little Penguins to the spectacular Great Ocean Road. Melbourne is also the site of 2006 Commonwealth Games.

Uluru-Kata Tjuta National Park features spectacular geological formations that dominate the vast red sandy plain of central Australia. While Uluru is an immense monolith, Kata Tjuta is a rock dome located west of Uluru.

Sydney Opera House is one of the most photographed buildings in the World. Not only is it recognizable, it has come to represent 'Australia'. The Opera House was formally opened by Queen Elizabeth II on October 20, 1973.

Great Barrier Reef is the world's largest coral reef. It stretches over 2000 kilometers in length and can be seen from space. It is located along the northeast coast of Australia from the northern tip of Queensland to just north of Bundaberg.

Kangaroo Island is the third largest island off the coast of Australia, 155 km long and up to 55 km wide. Kangaroo Islands is known for its outstanding natural beauty. Island still possesses rich and diverse flora and fauna seldom found elsewhere.

Pinnacles and Bungles - Pinnacle consists of thousands of pointed rock forms on a red desert expanse, while the Bungles are a gold and black-striped range of land forms.

Australian States

Included below is the list of eight Australian states and their capitals.

Click on the title to sort.

StateCapital
Australian Capital Territory Canberra
New South WalesSydney
Northern TerritoryDarwin
QueenslandBrisbane
South AustraliaAdelaide
TasmaniaHobart
VictoriaMelbourne
Western AustraliaPerth

CIA Factbook - the Australia page provides most authentic information about the people, geography, government and economy of Australia.
wikipedia's Australia page has a quick overview of Australia.
City of Sydney's webpage has everything you ever wanted to know on Sydney.
About Australia has a tons of information for tourists visiting Australia.
Australia.com is the official site of the Australian Tourist Commission.



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