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China Overview

China is the most populous country of the World. China is also the fourth largest country in the world after Russia, Canada and USA. China has 23 provinces (sheng), 5 autonomous regions (zizhiqu), and 4 municipalities (shi).

China has been able to control its population, due to enforcing single-child norm. However this has led to rapid aging of Chinese population. The change in Government policies in last 25 years has lead to strong growth in Chinese economy, specially in coastal areas near Hong Kong, Taiwan and in Shanghai. China's four major contributions to civilization are paper making, printing, compass and gunpowder.

Personalities | Tourist Spots | Chinese States | Links

NameChina Population1,306,313,812
CapitalBeijing CurrencyYuan
Area9,596,960 sq km per capita GDP$5,600
ContinentAsia Life Expectancy72.27 years
Head of statePresident HU Jintao Official Language(s)Chinese

Chinese Personalities

Confucius was a thinker, political figure and educator. His teachings, preserved in the Analects, form the foundation of much of subsequent Chinese philosophy on how an individual should live his life and interact with others, and the forms of society and government in which he should participate.

Dčng Xiaopíng (August 22, 1904—February 19, 1997) was a revolutionary elder in the Communist Party of China (CPC) who served as the de facto ruler of the People's Republic of China from the late 1970s to the early 1990s, forming the core of the "second generation" CPC leadership. Under his tutelage, China developed one of the fastest growing economies in the world.

Jackie Chan is one of the most recognized names in Kung Fu and action movies worldwide. Chan is known for his acrobatic fighting style, comic timing and use of improvised weapons. Chan has starred in over a hundred movies, and is one of the most recognizable Chinese and Asian movie stars in the world.

Bruce Lee was a Chinese American martial artist and actor. His movies, especially his performance in the Hollywood-produced Enter the Dragon, elevated the traditional Hong Kong martial arts film to a new level of popularity. Bruce Lee had an untimely death at the age of 33 in 1973.

Li Ning is a famous Chinese gymnast and entrepreneur. Li Ning had won 6 medals at the 1984 Los Angeles Olympic, including 3 gold medals.

Yao Ming is a professional basketball player from China. Ming plays for Houston Rockets. Yao Ming is the tallest active player in NBA basketball, listed at a playing height of 7 feet, 6 inches.

Tourist spots in China

Great Wall of China was built 2000 years ago. It is 4,500 miles long. The Great Wall's height averages from 15 to 30 feet high and it's width averages from 15 to 25 feet wide with about a 13-foot wide roadway on top.

Beijing, as the capital of the People's Republic of China, Beijing is the nation's center of government, economy, culture, and international activities. Beijing is also known for its ancient architecture, royal gardens, mansions, towers, temples, palaces, and modern structures. Beijing is also the site of 2008 Summer Olympics.

Shanghai is the largest metropolis in China. Shanghai is an ideal "shopping paradise", packed with rows of shops. Yuyuan Garden is the most famous classical garden in Shanghai.

Silk Road has been used for more than 2000 years, as a business and trade link between China and the West. Along the Chinese section of the Silk Road, there are numerous famous historic and cultural sites. The best known is in Xi'an, where the life-sized Terra-cotta Warriors and Horses were excavated. It is known as the eighth wonder of the world. The Terra-cotta Warriors and Horses consists of more than 7,000 life-sized terra-cotta warriors and horses.

Chinese provinces

Given below is the list of all the Chinese provinces and their capitals.

Click on the title to sort.

ProvinceCapital
AnhuiHefei
FujianFuzhou
GansuLanzhou
GuangdongGuangzhou
GuizhouGuiyang
HainanHaikou
HebeiShijiazhuang
HeilongjiangHarbin
HenanZhengzhou
HubeiWuhan
HunanChangsha
JiangsuNanjing
JiangxiNanchang
JilinChangchun
LiaoningShenyang
QinghaiXining
ShaanxiXi'an
ShandongJinan
ShanxiTaiyuan
SichuanChengdu
YunnanKunming
ZhejiangHangzhou

CIA Fact book - the China page provides most authentic information about the people, geography, government and economy of China.
Travel China Guide is the largest online China travel agency.
CNTO is the official site for China National Tourist Office.

People's Daily is a web site of a leading Chinese newspaper, and offers latest news on China.
China Internet Information Center is the authorized government portal site to China.

Books on China

Why Geography Matters: Three Challenges Facing America: Climate Change, The Rise of China, and Global Terrorism by Harm De Blij explains the challenges to America and the world, including the Chinese threat to the world. The author looks at the potential of a conflict between China and America.

China by DK Publishing is a good reference book if you are planning to travel to China.


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